Utilization of indigenous tree and shrub species as animal feed resources in south Tigray, north Ethiopia, and implication for sustainable livestock production

Authors

Tesfay Atsbha and Solomon Wayu

Abstract

Native browse species will create an unprecedented association with animal’s sustenance as they depend upon such species throughout the dry and wet season. In spite of the fact that the broad utilization of the browse species, no studies are current to date within the South zone of Tigray on the usage of such feed resources. The objectives of this study were to identify native browse species and their utilization. 103 households from five districts were interviewed to collect information varieties of native browse species accessible and that they use. Data were investigated with descriptive using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences programming. In all, eighteen species of trees and shrubs were utilized by farmers within the feeding of livestock. The overall contribution of browse species surpasses 20-60% (dry season) and 22.8-65% (wet season) of the animals feeds presently utilized by smallholder farmers, and this reflects the degree of integration between pastureland and livestock farming. Leaves, pods, twigs and fruits were the plant parts utilized by domesticated animals. Browse species likewise had various utilizations as a wellspring of kindling, medicinal values and most of the fruits were consumed by both human and domesticated animals. In conclusion, browse species have a major role within the feeding of animals and alternative commendable typical uses. More farmers should be urged to develop these trees and shrub fodder species to keep away from the eradication of acceptable trees for reasonable use. It recommends further research into their nutritive value, the impact on livestock and efficient feasibleness.

Key-words

Feeding, Fodder Tree, Indigenous Knowledge, Multipurpose Tree, Natural Pasture.

Amaz. Jour. of Plant Resear. 4(3): 594-608. September 2020
https://doi.org/10.26545/ajpr.2020.b00069x

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