Gibberellin and polyamines in plant growth, development, and postharvest senescence of ornamental plants – a review

Authors
Thialla L. AmorimResultado de imagem para email icon, Damiana C. de Medeiros, Arthur A. S. de Oliveira, Reinaldo de A. Paes, Walter S. E. Júnior and  Djair A. Moreira

Abstract

The polyamines, putrescine, spermidine and spermine, are low-molecular weight substances, synthesized in eucariot cells from their immediate precursor, ornithine. The polyamines are found in fruits and vegetables, foods of animal origin and fermented food products. As plant growth regulators, are believed to be involved in several physiological processes. Gibberellins are plant hormones that regulate growth and influence various developmental processes and are derived via the ent-gibberellane skeleton. Gibberellins are synthesized by the terpenoid pathway in plastids and then modified in the endoplasmic reticulum and cytosol until they reach their biologically-active form. Here, we show the importance gibberellin and polyamines functions in plant growth, development, and postharvest senescence of various ornamental plants. Studies initiated on the application of the polyamines and gibberellins in ornamental plants should improve our knowledge in the future.

Key-words

Floriculture, Quality characteristics, Plant hormone, Biosynthesis
Amaz. Jour. of Plant Resear. 1: 1-13. August 2017
https://doi.org/10.26545/b00000x

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